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The Bhagavad Gita translated by Swami Sivananda Saraswati

Chapter Fourteen

The Yoga of the Division of the Three Gunas

The Blessed Lord said:

1. I will again declare (to you) that supreme knowledge, the best of all knowledge, having known which all the sages have gone to the supreme perfection after this life.

2. They who, having taken refuge in this knowledge, attain to unity with Me, are neither born at the time of creation nor are they disturbed at the time of dissolution.

3. My womb is the great Brahma; in that I place the germ; thence, OArjuna, is the birth of all beings!

4. Whatever forms are produced, O Arjuna, in any womb whatsoever, the great Brahma is their womb and I am the seed-giving father.

5. Purity, passion and inertia-these qualities, O mighty-armed Arjuna, born of Nature, bind fast in the body, the embodied, the indestructible!

. Of these, Sattwa, which from its stainlessness is luminous and healyour, binds by attachment to knowledge and to happiness, O sinless one!

7. Know Rajas to be of the nature of passion, the source of thirst (for sensual enjoyment) and attachment; it binds fast, O Arjuna, the embodied one by attachment to action!

8. But know Tamas to be born of ignorance, deluding all embodied beings; it binds fast, O Arjuna, by heedlessness, sleep and indolence!

9. Sattwa attaches to happiness, Rajas to action, O Arjuna, while Tamas, shrouding knowledge, attaches to heedlessness only!

Rajas, having overpowered Sattwa and Tamas; and now Tamas, having overpowered Sattwa and Rajas!

11. When, through every gate (sense) in this body, the wisdom-light shines, then it may be known that Sattwa is predominant.

12. Greed, activity, the undertaking of actions, restlessness, longing-these arise when Rajas is predominant, O Arjuna!

13. Darkness, inertness, heedlessness and delusion-these arise when Tamas is predominant, O Arjuna!

14. If the embodied one meets with death when Sattwa has become predominant, then he attains to the spotless worlds of the knowers of the Highest.

15. Meeting death in Rajas, he is born among those who are attached to action; and dying in Tamas, he is born in the womb of the senseless.

16. The fruit of good action, they say, is Sattwic and pure; the fruit of Rajas is pain, and ignorance is the fruit of Tamas.

17. From Sattwa arises knowledge, and greed from Rajas; heedlessness and delusion arise from Tamas, and ignorance also.

18. Those who are seated in Sattwa proceed upwards; the Rajasic dwell in the middle; and the Tamasic, abiding in the function of the lowest Guna, go downwards.

19. When the seer beholds no agent other than the Gunas, knowing that which is higher than them, he attains to My Being.

20. The embodied one, having crossed beyond these three Gunas out of which the body is evolved, is freed from birth, death, decay and pain, and attains to immortality.

Arjuna said:

21. What are the marks of him who has crossed over the three qualities, O Lord? What is his conduct and how does he go beyond these three qualities?

The Blessed Lord said:

22. Light, activity and delusion,-when they are present, O Arjuna, he hates not, nor does he long for them when they are absent!

23. He who, seated like one unconcerned, is not moved by the qualities, and who, knowing that the qualities are active, is self-centred and moves not,

24. Alike in pleasure and pain, who dwells in the Self, to whom a clod of earth, stone and gold are alike, to whom the dear and the unfriendly are alike, firm, the same in censure and praise,

25. The same in honour and dishonour, the same to friend and foe, abandoning all undertakings-he is said to have crossed the qualities.

26. And he who serves Me with unswerving devotion, he, crossing beyond the qualities, is fit for becoming Brahman.

27. For I am the abode of Brahman, the immortal and the immutable, of everlasting Dharma and of absolute bliss. Hari Om Tat Sat

Thus in the Upanishads of the glorious Bhagavad Gita, the science of the Eternal, the scripture of Yoga, the dialogue between Sri Krishna and Arjuna, ends the fourteenth discourse entitled: "The Yoga of the Division Of the Three Gunas"

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