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Last modified / updated Jan. 01, 2016

ASTHMA

Asthma is a chronic medical disease characterized by an increased responsiveness of the trachea and bronchi to various stimuli involving episodic narrowing of your airways. Your airways are the passages that allow air to flow to and from your lungs. When you have an asthma attack, the lining of your airways becomes very sensitive and inflamed . A high amount of mucus is produced by the airway walls and begins to coat them. When this happens, you have trouble exhaling and 'the alveoli may remain inflated during expiration. As you are not able to get a normal amount of air to your lungs. Sensitive airways, may respond to certain things in the environment, known as triggers. It may be an allergen, such as pollen or dust, or an irritant, such as smoke or perfume, pet dander, cold or moist air, or even stress or anxiety that you are experiencing, These triggers may in turn cause an asthma attack.

Types of Asthma

There are several different types of asthma. Allergic asthma is certainly the most common, but it is not the only asthma type
  1. Mild Intermittent Asthma: The Least Severe Mild intermittent asthma is the least severe type of asthma. People with this type of asthma typically have symptoms that come and go.
  2. Mild Persistent Asthma People who suffer from mild persistent asthma generally have asthma symptoms more than twice a week, but no more than once a day.
  3. Moderate Persistent Asthma
    People suffering from moderate persistent asthma have daily asthma symptoms and nighttime symptoms more than once a week. Asthma attacks may affect the daily activities of people who have moderate persistent asthma.
  4. Severe Persistent Asthma
    People who suffer from severe persistent asthma usually experience symptoms throughout the day on most days and have frequent symptoms at night as well.
  5. Allergic Asthma - Asthma & Allergies
    Allergic asthma is the most common type of asthma in both adults and children. Learn about how allergies and asthma are often linked and how you can deal with allergic asthma.
  6. Childhood Asthma
    Childhood asthma is an extremely common type of asthma. Asthma is also one of the most common chronic diseases of childhood. Get the facts here on asthma in kids, as well as tips for parents.
  7. Exercise-Induced Asthma (EIA)
    Exercise induced asthma is a fairly common type of asthma that occurs in both adults and children. With EIA, asthma symptoms are triggered by exercise. Learn the facts about exercise induced asthma.
  8. Occupational Asthma: Could Work Be Making You Sick? When a person develops asthma symptoms in response to an exposure to dust, fumes, gases or other irritants in the workplace, the condition is called occupational asthma (OA). Find out who is at risk for OA and what to expect if you get it.
  9. Cough Variant Asthma
    In some people who have asthma, a chronic cough is their only symptom. Get the scoop on one of the less common types of asthma, cough-variant asthma.
  10. Nocturnal Asthma
    Nocturnal asthma occurs when asthma symptoms arise during the night. About 75% of people with asthma have symptoms that disrupt both the length and depth of their nighttime sleep at least once a week.
  11. Overview of the Four Types of Asthma
    More than 22 million Americans suffer from asthma, a chronic illness in which air passages become inflamed and temporarily narrowed, making it difficult to breathe. Symptoms of asthma include coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and chest tightness.

CAUSES

In general, the underlying cause of asthma is likely a combination of one's genetics, the environment, and biological factors such as diet, allergies, or hormones. No single cause of asthma has yet been determined by the medical community.

SYMPTOMS

Asthma can start in infancy, but many people don't develop asthma until sometime in their adult years. Sometimes symptoms and episodes are fairly frequent, and other times there may be long periods between any symptoms or attacks. symptoms such as

  1. Wheezing,
  2. Coughing,
  3. Tightness in the chest,
  4. Shortness of breath,
  5. Chest tightness or pain
  6. Blocked, itchy nose; facial pain or pressure.
  7. Red, itchy eyes, under-eye darkness and swelling.
  8. Sore or scratchy throat; congestion and popping of the ears.
  9. Frequent nighttime awakenings; need for mouth breathing; daytime tiredness and difficulty completing tasks or work.

TREATMENT

Asthma attacks may vary in severity. Many are relatively minor. But a severe asthma attack can be fatal if not quickly treated because your vital organs are not getting enough oxygen.

It is always recommended and advised that in case of any specific problem Doctor's consultation must be obtained and treatment should be taken as per Doctor's advise; which are based on the condition and symptoms of the concerend person.

Generally, an asthma attack can be fairly quickly alleviated by the use of what is called a rescue inhaler, or short-acting bronchodilator. These contain beta 2-agonists which help open up the bronchial tubes by relaxing the surrounding muscles, thus allowing oxygen to once again pass through more normally. They also help reduce the amount of mucus in the lungs. Long-acting bronchodilators are often used regularly to control asthma

Yoga treatment for Asthma and Bronchitis

By regular exercise of Yogasana and Pranayama the constriction of the bronchial tubes gets very much reduced. Slowly the capacity of bronchial tubes increases to a great extent. The Asthma and Bronchitis patients have to do three things:
(i) Regular practice of selected yoga asanas, pranayama
(ii) Proper diet
(iii)Avoid the things which strain the nerves.
By this type of performance gradually asthma can be cured from the roots.

Alternative medicine in Asthma and Bronchitis

A study, including physiotherapeutic and respiratory therapeutic manoeuvers, found that there is insufficient evidence to support their use in treating asthma; these manoeuvers include various techniques to "increase movement in the rib cage and the spine to try and improve the working of the lungs and circulation"; chest tapping, shaking, vibration, and the use of "postures to help shift and cough up phlegm." On the other hand, one meta-analysis found that homeopathy has a potentially mild benefit in reducing symptom intensity; however, the number of patients involved in the analysis was small, and subsequent studies have not supported this finding. Ayurveda recommends use of herbs such as Ajwain, Harad, Hing, Ajamoda, Lavanga, Sunthi and others.

Know More About IT : Usual Question

Keep on regular check-up / medication as advised by your Doctor

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