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Last modified / updated Jan. 01, 2016

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Bones and Joints

For preventing osteoporosis
  • Get proper nutrition and regular physical activity.
  • Eat calcium-rich foods - Dairy products such as milk, yogurt and cheese are the richest sources of calcium. Fat-free and low-fat products, calcium- fortified orange juice and cereals, fish with edible bones, and certain vegetables (such as rhubarb,soybeans and spinach) are good sources
  • Get enough vitamin D - The body can produce vitamin D from exposure to sunlight. Vitamin D is essential for enhancing the amount of calcium that ultimately reaches your bones.
  • Exercise regularly
  • Avoid smoking and excessive drinking of alcohol - Smoking increases the rate of bone loss. Regularly drinking more than moderate levels of alcohol can hasten bone loss and reduce ability to absorb calcium.
  • Combine rest with gentle movement - Moderate movement keeps your muscles strong and flexible.
  • Living with arthritis: if you have arthritis, assistive devices may allow you to be more independent with daily tasks.