The Bhagavad Gita, more simply known as Gita, is a sacred Hindu scripture, though its philosophies and insights are intended to reach beyond the scope of religion and to humanity as a whole. It is at times referred to as the "manual for mankind" and has been highly praised by not only prominent Indians such as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi but also Aldous Huxley, Albert Einstein, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Carl Jung and Herman Hesse. It is considered among the most important texts in the history of literature and philosophy. The Bhagavad Gita comprises exactly 700 verses, and is a part of the Mahabharata. The teacher of the Bhagavad Gita is Lord Krishna, who is revered by Hindus as a manifestation of God (Parabrahman) itself, and is referred to within as Bhagavan, the Divine One.
The content of the Gita is the conversation between Lord Krishna and the Pandava Prince Arjuna taking place on the battlefield before the start of the Kurukshetra War. Responding to Arjuna's confusion and moral dilemma about fighting his own cousins, Lord Krishna explains to Arjuna his duties as a warrior and prince, and elaborates on different Yogic and Vedantic philosophies, with examples and analogies. This has led to the Gita often being described as a concise guide to Hindu theology and also as a practical, self-contained guide to life. During the discourse, Lord Krishna reveals His identity as the Supreme Being Himself (Svayam Bhagavan), blessing Arjuna with an awe-inspiring vision of His divine universal form.
There are 6 evils that the Gita says one should avoid: kama (lust), krodha (anger), lobh (greed), moha (deep emotional attachment), mada or ahankar (arrogance) and matsarya (jealousy). These are the negative characteristics which prevent man from attaining moksha (liberation from the birth and death cycle).
|Chapter One||The Yoga of the Despondency of Arjuna|
|Chapter Two||Sankhya Yoga|
|Chapter Three||The Yoga of Action|
|Chapter Four||The Yoga of Wisdom|
|Chapter Five||The Yoga of Renunciation of Action|
|Chapter Six||The Yoga of Meditation|
|Chapter Seven||The Yoga of Wisdom and Realization|
|Chapter Eight||The Yoga of the Imperishable Brahman|
|Chapter Nine||The Yoga of the Kingly Science|
|Chapter Ten||The Yoga of the Divine Glories|
|Chapter Eleven||The Yoga of the Vision of the Cosmic Form|
|Chapter Twelve||The Yoga of Devotion|
|Chapter Thirteen||The Yoga of Distinction Between the Field|
|Chapter Fourteen||The Yoga of the Division of the Three Gunas|
|Chapter Fifteen||The Yoga of the Supreme Spirit|
|Chapter Sixteen||Yoga of the Division between the Divine and the Demoniacal|
|Chapter Seventeen||The Yoga of the Division of the Threefold Path|
|Chapter Eighteen||The Yoga of Liberation by Renunciation|