DEFINITION : A fracture is an injury in which the tissue of a bone is disrupted. A stress fracture is a (usually small) break in a bone that develops because of repeated or prolonged forces against the bone.
CONSIDERATIONS : If more pressure is put on a bone than it can stand, it will split or break. An open fracture (in which bone breaks the skin) can easily become infected. If a young child does not start to use an injured arm or leg within hours of an accident, or if they continue to cry when the injured area is touched, assume the child has a broken bone, and get medical help. It is hard sometimes to tell a dislocated bone from a broken bone. Both are emergency situations. The basic first aid steps are the same for both.
CAUSES : most arm and leg fractures are caused by a blow, fall, or other trauma - skiing accident - child abuse -osteoporosis - bone tumors - metabolic disease - prolonged standing, walking, or running can cause stress fractures of the foot and ankle
SYMPTOMS : - a visibly out of place or misshapen limb or joint - limitation of movement - swelling and intense pain - paleness - no pulse - bruising - numbness and tingling - pain on weight bearing.
DO NOT : - DO NOT move the victim unless the injured area is completely immobilized. DO NOT move a victim with an injured hip, pelvis, or upper leg unless it is absolutely necessary. If you must move the victim immediately, use the "clothes drag" technique. DO NOT attempt to straighten a misshapen bone or joint or to change its position. DO NOT test a misshapen bone or joint for loss of function. DO NOT give the victim anything by mouth.
CALL IMMEDIATELY FOR EMERGENCY MEDICAL ASSISTANCE IF : - the victim has a dislocation, broken bone, or if there is severe bleeding. - you cannot completely immobilize the injury at the scene by yourself.. FIRST AID :
PREVENTION : - Appropriate protective gear should be worn during activities: - helmets - elbow pads - knee pads - shin pads - Create a safe environment for young children. - Teach safety. Help children learn how to look out for themselves. - Supervise children carefully. There is no substitute for adequate supervision, no matter how safe the environment or situation appears to be.
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