DEFINITION : The displacement of any body part (usually a joint) from its normal location.
CONSIDERATIONS : If a joint is over stressed, the bones that meet at that joint may get dislocated. When this happens, there's usually a torn joint capsule and torn ligaments, and often, nerve injury. It is hard sometimes to tell a dislocated bone from a broken bone. Both are emergency situations. The basic first aid steps are the same for both. Allow 3 to 6 weeks for the surrounding ligaments of a dislocated joint to heal.
CAUSES : Most dislocations are caused by a blow, fall, or other trauma. Seizures can also lead to dislocations.
SYMPTOMS : A visibly out of place or misshapen joint - limitation of movement - swelling and intense pain - bruising - pain on weight bearing.
DO NOT : - DO NOT move the victim unless the injured area is completely immobilized. - DO NOT move a victim with an injured hip, pelvis, or upper leg unless it is absolutely necessary. If you must move the victim immediately, use the "clothes drag" technique. DO NOT attempt to straighten a misshapen bone or joint or to change its position. DO NOT test a misshapen bone or joint for loss of function. DO NOT give the victim anything by mouth. CALL IMMEDIATELY FOR EMERGENCY MEDICAL ASSISTANCE IF : The victim has a dislocation, a broken bone, or if there is severe bleeding.
FIRST AID :
PREVENTION : Create a safe environment for young children.
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