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English - Tenses
First to understand is the concept of Time of an event :
  1. The Present - What you are currently doing.
    I eat, I am eating
  2. The Past - What you did some time back.
    I ate, I was eating
  3. The Future - What you will do later.
    I will eat, I will be eating

Present Tenses

Simple or Indefinite Present Tense

In Simple Present, the action is simply mentioned and there is nothing being said about its completeness.

I eat. / I sleep. / I play.

Present Continuous Tense

In Present Continuous, the action is on-going/ still going on and hence continuous.

I am eating./ I am sleeping./ I am playing.

Present Perfect Tense

In Present Perfect, the action is complete or has ended and hence termed Perfect.

I have eaten./ I have slept./ I have played.

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

In Present Perfect Continuous, the action has been taking place for some time and is still ongoing.

I have been eating./ I have been sleeping./ I have been playing.

Past Tenses

Simple or Indefinite Past Tense

In Simple Past, the action is simply mentioned and understood to have taken place in the past.

I ate./ I slept./ I played.

Past Continuous Tense

In Past Continuous, the action was ongoing till a certain time in the past.

I was eating./ I was sleeping./ I was playing.

Past Perfect Tense

Past Perfect is used to express something that happened before another action in the past.

I had eaten./ I had slept./ I had played.

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Continuous is used to express something that started in the past and continued until another time in the past.

I had been eating./ I had been sleeping./ I had been playing.

Future Tenses

Simple or Indefinite Future Tense

Simple Future is used when we plan or make a decision to do something. Nothing is said about the time in the future.

I will eat./ I will sleep./ I will play.

Future Continuous Tense

The future continuous tense is used to express action at a particular moment in the future. However, the action will

not have finished at the moment./ I will be eating at 9 a.m./ I will be sleeping when you arrive./ I will be playing at 5 p.m.

Future Perfect Tense

Future Perfect expresses action that will occur in the future before another action in the future.

I will have eaten before 10 a.m./ I will have slept before you arrive./ I will have played before 6 p.m.

Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Future Perfect Continuous is used to talk about an on-going action before some point in the future.

I will have been sleeping for two hours when you arrive./ I will have been playing for an hour when it is 5 p.m.
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